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What is NPS Score? Understanding Net Promoter Score and Its Significance


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the Net Promoter Score, commonly known as NPS. In today’s highly competitive business landscape, understanding and measuring customer satisfaction and loyalty have become crucial for success. NPS is a powerful metric that provides valuable insights into how customers perceive a brand or company. In this article, we’ll delve deep into the world of NPS, exploring its definition, calculation, and the implications it holds for businesses. Whether you’re a business owner, marketer, or simply curious about NPS, this guide will equip you with the knowledge you need to make informed decisions and improve customer experiences.

What is NPS Score?

At its core, NPS is a metric used to gauge customer loyalty and satisfaction. It was introduced by Fred Reichheld in 2003 as a simple yet effective way to measure how likely customers are to recommend a company to others. The NPS score ranges from -100 to 100 and is calculated based on responses to a single question: “On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely are you to recommend our product/service to a friend or colleague?” Based on their responses, customers are categorized into three groups: Promoters, Passives, and Detractors.

Understanding NPS Categories: Promoters, Passives, and Detractors

To better comprehend the NPS score, let’s explore the three distinct categories of customers based on their responses to the NPS question:


These are highly satisfied customers who respond with a rating of 9 or 10. Promoters are brand enthusiasts who genuinely appreciate the product or service they’ve received. They are more likely to recommend the company to their friends, family, or colleagues, contributing to positive word-of-mouth marketing.


Customers providing a score of 7 or 8 are considered Passives. They are generally satisfied with the product or service but not overwhelmingly enthusiastic. Passives may still recommend the company, but they are less likely to do so compared to Promoters.


Detractors are dissatisfied customers who give a rating between 0 and 6. They are unhappy with their experience and may even share negative feedback with others, potentially harming the company’s reputation.

Calculating NPS Score

To calculate the NPS score, follow these simple steps:

  1. Collect Responses: Reach out to customers and ask the NPS question, “On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely are you to recommend our product/service to a friend or colleague?”
  2. Categorize Responses: Segregate customers into Promoters, Passives, and Detractors based on their ratings.
  3. Calculate Percentages: Determine the percentage of responses in each category.
  4. Compute NPS Score: Subtract the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters to obtain the NPS score.

NPS = Percentage of Promoters – Percentage of Detractors

The Significance of NPS

NPS holds significant importance for businesses across industries. Here are some key reasons why it’s a vital metric:

1. Measuring Customer Loyalty

NPS serves as an excellent indicator of customer loyalty. A higher NPS score indicates a larger base of loyal and satisfied customers who are likely to remain loyal to the brand and make repeat purchases.

2. Predicting Business Growth

Studies have shown that companies with a higher NPS tend to experience faster growth rates. Satisfied customers are more likely to bring in new customers through referrals, contributing to organic business expansion.

3. Identifying Areas for Improvement

NPS feedback, especially from Detractors, provides valuable insights into areas where a company can improve its products, services, or customer support. Addressing these issues can lead to enhanced customer experiences and increased loyalty.

4. Benchmarking Performance

NPS allows businesses to benchmark their performance against industry standards and competitors. Regularly tracking NPS over time can highlight trends and help businesses stay ahead of the competition.

Using NPS for Customer Feedback and Experience Improvement

Collecting NPS feedback is only the first step. To truly benefit from the insights it offers, businesses must actively use the feedback to improve customer experiences. Here are some effective ways to leverage NPS feedback:

1. Address Detractor Concerns Promptly

Detractors’ feedback can be a goldmine of improvement opportunities. Companies should prioritize addressing their concerns promptly, offering solutions, and turning their negative experiences into positive ones.

2. Engage with Promoters

Promoters are your brand advocates. Engaging with them and expressing gratitude for their support can foster even stronger loyalty. Additionally, incentivizing Promoters to refer friends can help attract new customers.

3. Analyze Trends and Patterns

Regularly analyzing NPS data can reveal patterns and trends. Identifying recurring issues or praise can guide businesses in making strategic decisions for better customer experiences.

4. Incorporate NPS into Performance Metrics

Integrate NPS as a key performance indicator (KPI) in your organization. Align employee performance evaluations with NPS outcomes, encouraging staff to prioritize customer satisfaction.

FAQs about NPS Score

  1. What is a Good NPS Score?

A good NPS score varies across industries. Generally, any score above 0 is considered acceptable, while a score above 50 is deemed excellent. Scores above 70 are exceptional and indicate strong customer loyalty.

  1. Can NPS Scores Change Over Time?

Yes, NPS scores can fluctuate over time due to various factors such as changes in customer expectations, product/service improvements, or competition.

  1. Can NPS Replace Other Customer Satisfaction Metrics?

While NPS is a valuable metric, it should be complemented by other customer satisfaction metrics for a holistic view of customer experiences.

  1. How Often Should I Collect NPS Feedback?

The frequency of collecting NPS feedback depends on the nature of your business. Quarterly or bi-annually assessments are common, but some businesses prefer monthly evaluations for faster feedback loops.

  1. Can NPS Be Used for B2B (Business-to-Business) Companies?

Absolutely! NPS is applicable to both B2B and B2C companies. It helps B2B companies measure customer loyalty among their clients and identify areas for improvement.

  1. Is NPS Score the Only Measure of Customer Loyalty?

While NPS is an essential measure, businesses can use additional metrics, such as Customer Effort Score (CES) and Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT), to gain a comprehensive understanding of customer loyalty.


In conclusion, the Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a powerful tool that businesses can use to gauge customer loyalty and satisfaction.

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